How to Turn OFF Structured References in Excel Table Formulas

Excel Tables use a new type of formula notation called structured references.  Instead of referencing individual cell addresses, formulas in Tables reference the column names.  These new formulas are called structured reference formulas.

The structured references take some time to learn and get used to.  If you don't like the Table formulas then you can turn them off.


How to Turn Off Table Formulas in Excel Options

This can be done in the Excel Options Window.

Here are the instructions to turn Structured References (Table Formulas) Off:

  1. Click File > Options in Excel.
  2. Click the Formulas option on the left side menu.
  3. In the Working with Formulas section, uncheck the box that says “Use table names in formulas”.
  4. Press OK.


When you are editing or creating a formula and select a cell or range inside a Table, the regular cell address (A1) referencing will be used instead of the structured references.

How to Toggle Table Formulas On/Off with VBA

We can also use a VBA macro to toggle the table formulas setting by changing the GenerateTableRefs property of the Application object.

Here is the VBA code to Turn Off table formulas:

Application.GenerateTableRefs = xlGenerateTableRefA1

Here is the VBA code to Turn On table formulas:

Application.GenerateTableRefs = xlGenerateTableRefStruct

This is an application level setting. I explain more about that below.

What Happens When Table Formulas are Turned On/Off?

There are a few important things to note about this setting.

  • Any existing formulas that contain structured reference will NOT be changed.  This only applies to new formulas or formulas that you edit.
  • This an application level setting.  That means it applies to all workbooks that you work on.  The setting does not travel with your workbooks.  If you send your file to a co-worker and they have the setting turned on, then they will see structured references in their formulas.  They also have to turn the “use table names in formulas” setting off on their computer.

I really like structured references and I personally think they make formulas easier to read and write.  However, I also think they are the biggest barrier to using Tables.  A lot of users see these formulas for the first time, don't like them, and don't use Tables because of it.  This is unfortunate because Tables are an extremely useful and powerful tool in Excel that can save us a lot of time.

I have a full video on a Beginner's Guide to Excel Tables that explains all of the great benefits of using Tables.


I learned this tip from my good friend Zack Barrasse at  Zack literally wrote the book on Tables.  Check it out (Amazon link) if you want to learn more about this awesome feature of Excel.

Excel Tables eBook - Zack Barresse - Kevin Jones

I also have a free 3-part video series on the Lookup Formulas like VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH.  Using structured references with the lookup formulas can really save us a lot of time and help prevent errors.


Please leave a comment below with any questions.  Thanks!


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  • Hi Jon
    I’m trying to get used to structured references, but it’s a bit of a love-hate relationship as there are a few significant disadvantages of Tables that really annoy me:
    1. you can’t use a formula to generate the column heading (which then becomes the Table field name) – it must be a string (even entered numbers get converted to a string!)
    2. formulas that reference a Table (at any level) become a bit lengthy & unwieldy because of the additional qualifying references (e.g. Table1[MyFieldName])
    3. Whilst you can enter a structured reference to define the “Applies to” range in Conditional Formatting rules, that definition gets automatically converted to individual cell addresses (e.g. $A$1:$B$5)


  • Jon Acampora (Good Day)
    I want to ask some different.

    After installing FUZZY LOOKUP EXE. & RUN but Fuzzy lookup not run in my system and other system, so what can i do?

    What is the shortcut key of text or background color selection in excel I know Alt HH and other but i want to know short cut or create shortcut for text / background color choosing…

    Hope u advise us.

    Kind Regards

  • I will not stop thanking you for your knowledge improving posts. this article and others like it is just a great work.


  • Thank you so very much for making all the EXCEL clues readily available to us. They are truely outstanding resources…!!!

  • Thanks Jon.
    Does this mean that the formula will still get adjusted automatically when new data is added to the table as it does with the structured references?

  • I will not stop thanking you for your knowledge improving posts. this article and others like it is just a great work.


  • Hi Jon
    Table formulas always have a problem being at the bottom of the column. When i refresh my data from the SQL DB the formulas do not refresh accordibly to keep the table content of rows or gets wiped with the new number of rows
    Putting it top of column it does not refresh to the ful
    l row content

  • Hi folks
    I had table references but once I saved and closed the spreadsheet they changed automatically to cell references. My problem is how to change them back to table references? (my tables are data connections and change in size so having absolute references is not ideal).

  • Hi Jon,

    I have a table where certain columns are linked to tables in a prior month tab. For example, my October table (named “TblOct”) compares the current month data to the September table (named “TblSep”) in a separate tab and computes the variance. When I progress to the next month, I make a copy of the Oct tab and rename it Nov. I then change the references to TblSep that carried over from the tab I copied to TblOct and refresh the formulas to compute the variance. However, when I close and re-open the file, the references change back from the new TblOct back to TblSep. Why would Excel revert to the prior table reference? I appreciate any guidance you can provide. Thanks in advance.

  • Yes indeed it takes few mins of writing formulas this way to fall in love with structured references. Thank you for the videos and articles.. they are very easy to follow and pack a punch also… I fell in love with structured references but now i am heartbroken 😉 as its not working.

    Thing is the structured reference is good until i close the workbook. Once i close and reopen it gets switched to range reference. I made sure that in options | formulas | “Use Table Names for formulas” is checked.

    Could you please suggest what am i missing here.

    Thank you in advance.

  • Hello, What happens if I convert structure table with formulas in it to Normal range and change it back to structure table, does it change to Cell reference, is there a option to change all structure formulas to cell address including the old ones. Thanks in advance.

    Why my formula to the left eg column “A” has serial No formula A3 as A2+1 but doesn’t extend if I add the Row to structure table! I used alternative as =Row()-1 which works fine.

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